Jay* was a typical 3rd grader in every respect but one. He was last in his class in math. He knew it, the teacher knew it, and the rest of his classmates knew it. His advancement from 3rd grade to 4th grade was in danger. I was called in to tutor him for 45 minutes twice a week in hopes that his skills could be improved enough to allow him to advance with the rest of his classmates.
You see, Jay was raised in a family where expectations were low. The older kids in the family didn’t succeed in school either and there were various excuses as to why no one in the family did well. So Jay, without being told in so many words, had this same expectation. But there was something different this time. More